Human history is very long and intricate, from cultural developments to technological ones, man has come a long way over the years. We have seen empires rise and fall and every single event on our timeline has left us something to learn and improve on. Whether we are talking about a history book or a fairytale, our stories has marked the world around us. Architecture is a very good example of how different times have affected the world around us, as we can see by comparing the marks of distant emperors and modern architects.

Ancient era

We can define this era from the earliest records of Egyptian architecture to the mid-2nd and 3rd century based on the style and purpose. The main goal of structures back then was to show power and to praise the gods. The homes were very simple buildings made of wood and sometimes stones but the most important focus of architecture was the temples and the palaces of the rulers. Drawings and sculptures of the gods plastered the walls and the layout had special meanings and purposes. Greek architecture was mainly used as a place of meditation and giving speeches, and this is why open spaces reign. Roman architecture was more intricate in order to show the growing power of the empire.

Early Romanesque era

Starting sometime in the 5th century A.C., when the Roman empire started to incorporate more and more civilizations, we detect a shift in the focus – the first major churches. Designs were pretty simple and the glamour of the old empires was beginning to fade away in favor of utility. This was due to the fact that the ever-growing population of Europe did not always have enough resources. The palaces of the rulers were still being built but now they also served a military purpose. Citadels and walls were used to guard the main palace from invaders. This style was popular until the Middle Ages.

Medieval era

This period was all about serving the purposes of the rulers and the clerics which is why the ecclesiastical architecture peaked. In this era we can also observe how everyday dwellings were better made in order to serve the emerging middle class. Palaces now served a more diplomatic purpose and the walls and water ditches were not so trendy anymore.

Enlightenment era

Enlightenment movement’s focus was on art and discovery. Many utility buildings were now designed in order to appeal the eye and be beautiful. Symbols and details were all the rage and the religious purpose was still there. Basically, functionality was slowly being replaced by aesthetics.

Industrial and post-industrial era

During this time, people had a better financial stability and the population movement was managed by building for the masses. New, better homes were being created in the cities and royal buildings were not so much in the center of attention anymore.

Even though the way we live is so different now, we are still amazed by what we can learn about our past from architecture.